sábado, 23 de janeiro de 2016

Chaika-II (1967-1972)

Esta fotografia é do exemplar que possuo.


Chaika (Russian: Чайка) was a series of Soviet 35mm half-frame cameras produced by BELOMO from 1965 to 1974. The name came from call sign of the first woman in space - Valentina Tereshkova. Over 2 million Chaika cameras were produced. All models of the Chaika cameras have metal case.

Chaika cameras share the following basic specifications:

Film used — 35-mm in standard cassette (135 type)
Frame size — 18×24 mm
Lens — Industar-69 (Tessar-type)
Focal length 28 mm
Diaphragm scale from 2.8 to 16
Focusing: 0.8 m to infinite
Leaf shutter
Adjustable shutter speeds 1/30 - 1/250 sec and "B"
Flash synchronisation

Fonte: Wikipedia

Chaika II is a half-frame 35mm film viewfinder camera made by MMZ, after 1971 made by Belomo and produced between 1967-72 with quantity of 1.250.000 units. Chaika (Чайка) means Seagull.

Chaika was the call sign of the first Russian female cosmonaut, Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova. She became extremely famous for her achievements and is still considered a hero in Russia. It's very likely that this line of cameras were at least partly named in honor of her. Her famous flight took place 1963 and the first Chaika camera was sold in 1965.

The difference between Chaika-I and Chaika-II is added a removable screw mount lens which could be used as the lens for an enlarger that was apparently never made available. The threads are the same as those for a Leica lens, but the focusing distance is different, so the lenses are not compatible.

There are 6 types and 9 sub-types of the Chaika-II
  • Picture size 18x24mm
  • Lens: Industar-69 (ИНДУСТАР) 28mm f/2.8 filter slip-on serial no.none
  • MMZ logo on the lens
  • Aperture: up to f/16; setting: ring and scale on front of the lens
  • Focus range: 0.8-5m +inf
  • Focusing: manual front cell focusing; ring, distance scale with symbols and DOF scale on the lens shutter barrel
  • Shutter: leaf shutter; speeds: 1/30-1/250 +B; setting: by a ring and small window on the top-plate
  • Shutter release: on front of the top-plate, w/cable release socket
  • Cocking lever: also winds the film, short stroke, on the back of the top-plate
  • Frame counter: additive type, auto-reset, window on the top-plate
  • Viewfinder: reverse telescopic finder, vertical quadrangle
  • Re-wind knob: on the bottom plate, pull out and turn to arrow direction
  • Re-wind release: by re-wind knob
  • Flash PC socket: on front of the camera
  • Cold-shoe: none
  • Memory dial: on the re-wind knob
  • Self-timer: none
  • Back cover: opens by a latch on the right side of the camera
  • Tripod socket: ¼"
  • Strap lugs
  • Body: metal; Weight: 388g
  • Serial no. in the back cover
Fonte: Camerapedia

The Chaika-II (Seagull in Russian) is a great half frame scale focusing camera. It is simple, compact, well made and allows you to shoot close to 80 pictures on a standard 36 frame roll of 35 mm film. It was dame in the 1960's by the BELOMO factory in Belarus.


18x24 frame size
Shutter speeds: B, 1/30 - 1/250. Leaf shutter built into the body,
Lens: Industar-69, 28 mm/f:2.8, sharp and contrasty. It can be unscrewed from the camera body and used as a wide angle enlarger lens (39 mm screw mount, not Leica compatible)
Release button on the front
Flash sync
Film advance with a crank lever
All metal body
Hinged back door
Rewind knob with a film speed (in ASA!) memo dial on the bottom plate.
This is a scale camera, the focusing is done by the symbols and the distance scale on the lens. The focusing is easy and does not need to be very accurate to obtain good quality pictures. The camera was marketed as a "pocket" model, it is only 41/4"x3"x2".

Fonte: Fedka.com


A minha parece ser do tipo 1a (CT904), segundo o site Fotoua.
Tem o n.º de série 03130313 no corpo.


Em Russo

Sites de referência


Half Format CAMERAS 135, from 1914 to ours days


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